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Geography of Kancheepuram

Kancheepuram district is located on the East Coast of Tamil Nadu and is adjacent to the Bay of Bengal in the east, bounded by Chennai and Thiruvallur district to its north, Vellore in the west, and Villuppuram district in the south. Kancheepuram lies between 11 degrees to 12 degrees to the North latitudes and 77 degree and 28 minutes to 78 degrees and 50 minutes to the East longitudes. The total geographical area of Kanchipuram is about 4393.37  Sq.Kms with a coastline of 57 Kms. Palar river is one of the most important rivers running through Kancheepuram.
Geography of Kancheepuram

Topography of Kancheepuram

Kancheepuram city is at an elevation of 83.2 m above sea level. The land around Kancheepuram is flat and slopes towards the south and east. Types of soil found in Kancheepuram are red loam, lateritic soil, black soil, sandy coastal alluviam and red sandy soil. Clay, with some loam, clay, and sand, are suitable for use in construction. Kancheepuram soil is described to be inferior due to the mixture of stone and gravel and the Kancheepuram region is highly prone to earthquakes due to its location in seismic zone II.

Agriculture is the prevalent occupation in Kancheepuram. The major crop grown in Kancheepuram is Paddy followed by sugarcane, groundnuts, cereals and pulses.

Population in Kancheepuram

According to 2011 census Kancheepuram had a population of 3,998,252 of which male and female were 2,012,958 and 1,985,294 respectively. There was a rise of 38.95 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001 census. The population density of Kancheepuram as per 2011 census was 892 people per sq. km which accounts to 5.54% of population in whole Tamil Nadu. Birth rate per 1000 population was around 19.6 percent and death rate per 1000 population was 5.6 percent. Infant mortality rate per 1000 live births was 27 percent.

Average literacy rate of Kancheepuram in 2011 was 84.49 percentages in which male and female literacy were 89.89 and 79.02 respectively. In regards to Sex ratio in Kancheepuram, child sex ratio was 959 girls per 1000 boys as per 2011 census. Out of the total population, 63.49 percent lived in urban regions and 36.51 in rural regions as per 2011 census.

Climate in Kancheepuram

Kancheepuram generally experiences hot and humid climate throughout the year with heavy to moderate rainfall during the monsoon seasons. The normal monsoon pertains to around 1200 mm rainfall in Kancheepuram with the highest amount of rainfall in the month of October and November. Kancheepuram agriculture mainly depends on monsoon. The irrigation in Kancheepuram is mostly taken care by the tanks and wells.

During the summer season, the maximum temperature is 37.6 degrees and the minimum is 20.1 degree Celsius. During the winters, the maximum and minimum temperature is 28. 7 and 19.8 degree Celsius respectively. The average high and average low temperatures throughout the year are 37.5 and 20.4 respectively. Relative humidity varies between 58 percent and 84 percent throughout the year. Relative humidity is higher between November and January and is lowest throughout June. The humidity reaches its peak during the morning and is lowest in the evening that’s why it is advisable to visit the temples in Kancheepuram during the evening.

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